Understanding Scrub Typhus: Symptoms and Treatment

Scrub typhus is a disease caused by a mite and is acquired in rural areas. It generates a scab or black spot, with a series of secondary symptoms. 

Scrub typhus, caused by Orientia tsutsugamushiand transmitted by larvae of trombiculid mites of wild rodents, it is an endemic rickettsiosis in the Asia Pacific. The cases have occurred with a marked predominance in the summer months, and their clinical presentation includes fever, rash and a black spot at the inoculation site. Other frequent findings have been intense headache, night sweats, increased CRP, HSV and liver transaminases.

What is Scrub typhus?

Scrub typhus is an acute infection, caused by a bacteria called C. Orientia Chiloensis.

How is Scrub typhus transmitted?

  • Due to the bite of a mite (very small) that may be in the vegetation, firewood or the ground.
  • The bite does not hurt, but sometimes produces a local allergic reaction with itching.
  • This disease is acquired in rural areas, forests and/or fields.
  • The mite that transmits it is very small and is generally not seen.

What are the symptoms of Scrub typhus ?

  • Black scab or spot (where the mite bit).
  • Fever, which may be high
  • Body and head pain
  • Chills (shivering)
  • Profuse sweat at night
  • Spots all over the body (rash)

What should I do if I have symptoms?

  • Go to your nearest health center.
  • Tell your doctor that you suspect you may have scrub typhus.
  • Sample collection (blood and eschar) to confirm the infection.
  • Explain the activity or exposure location where you may have contracted the disease.

Do you have treatment?

  • Yes, scrub typhus has a very effective antibiotic treatment.
  • Patients improve quickly if they receive this medicine.

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